Sewing machine terms from A to Z
B
Bobbin
The cylinder that holds the thread for the underside of the stitches formed by a sewing machine.
Bobbin work
Use specialist threads, yarns and ribbons that will not fit through the needle. Wind the threads onto the bobbin and sew from underneath the fabric to create decorative effects.
C
Computerised sewing machine
A computerised machine is ideal for sewers who want to advance their sewing abilities. If you want precise results, a computerised machine enables you to control the exact stitch length and width. This type of machine features a wide range of stitch designs and lettering styles to create bespoke projects - some machines feature the option to design your own stitches. Computerised machines also feature easy-to-use touch button control pads and LCD screens
D
Drop Feed
Allows the user to lower the feed dog out of the way for free motion sewing (usually for embroidery, monogramming and quilting)
F
Feed Dog
Saw shaped teeth that feed the fabric. As the needle stitches, the feed dogs grab the fabric, moving it under the presser foot
I
ICAPS
Innov-is Continuous Automatic Pressure System. Senses fabric thicknesses and adjusted the pressure for super smooth stitching over varying fabrics.
K
Knee Lift
Allows you to lift the foot of a sewing machine with your knee, and enables you to keep both hands free to handle large projects on the machine.
L
LED light
Provides clean and effective lighting to the sewing area while using a fraction of the power a traditional bulb uses. LED lights will last the lifetime of the machine.
M
Mechanical sewing machine
A mechanical sewing machine offers the user all the basic functions they would need and is a great introduction to the world of sewing. Features are selected using a jog-dial and the machine is controlled by a traditional foot pedal. Simplicity doesn't mean a compromise on features as even the basic machines have multiple stitch types - including different styles and widths - automatic needle threaders and bobbin winders.
O
Open toe foot
An open toe foot provides greater visibility of the needle area, and is ideal for securing edges of appliqué, Sewing curves, topstitching etc.
Overlocker
Overlockers are finishing machines and are used to sew hems, trim excess fabrics, and overlock raw edges in one step to prevent fraying. Overlockers are ideal for simple projects like clothing alterations and sewing knitted fabrics.
P
Pivoting function
The Pivoting function raises the presser foot automatically whilst the needle is still in the fabric, for easy and accurate rotation of fabric.
Presser Foot
A standard sewing foot, designed to hold the fabric in place whilst it's being stitched.
Presser foot lever
The presser foot lever is used to lower and raise the presser foot.
Q
Quilting Foot
A spring loaded foot which raises and lowers with the needle to allow fabric to be moved between stitches. Ideal quilting, darning and free motion stitching.
R
Ruffler foot
A Ruffler foot make ruffles with evenly spaced tucks and gathers. As the ruffling blade on the lower portion of the presser foot is moved forward, its teeth cath the fabric and force it forward into gathers or tucks.
S
Slide speed control
Allows precise adjustment of the sewing speed whilst sewing.
Start/Stop button
Allows sewers to operate a sewing machine without using the foot pedal. Start and stop the machine by pressing a button.
W
Walking Foot
For use when sewing multiple layers of fabric or when matching fabric prints
Wide Table
An optional accessory item to increase the working area of a sewing machine. It makes handling large projects such as quilts or curtains easier.